Articles - BCP and IT DR
How to Prepare a Business Continuity Management Program?
The previous articles have mentioned the need for a business continuity management program and the components of a typical business continuity plan. This article looks at how to prepare your organization for emergencies and the steps that are needed to be taken to prepare for contingencies.
For starters, the business continuity program that your company wishes to put in place must be detailed and exhaustive covering all aspects of the contingency planning.
The key point to note is that attention to detail is paramount because when emergency strikes, the little things make all the difference. For instance, if your backup site does not have adequate power to provide for smooth operation, the whole purpose of the business continuity program is lost. This is just one example of how the finer aspects of the business continuity program make all the difference between success and failure.
The next thing of importance in preparing a business continuity program is to ensure that employees are not left dumbfounded by the emergency. Instead, there must be a mechanism in place to take into account the disaster readiness of the workforce. The overarching thing to note is that the feedback loops and the lines of communication should not breakdown during an emergency. Only when the communication is well oiled and works smoothly can there be an effective response to disasters.
The third point to note about preparing for a disaster is the absence of laid back attitudes and complacency. Many companies simply prepare a BCM without taking into account whether the attitude in an emergency is one of panic or the other extreme which is complacency. Both should be avoided and instead, for business as usual to prevail, a no-nonsense attitude and a sense of purpose must be the guiding factors. Overall, the human element is crucial as to how a BCM can succeed and hence, priority must be given to prepare the employees to face emergencies without panicking or at the same time without taking things for granted.
While preparing for a disaster, attention must be given to the response time of the organization to continue the BAU or the Business As Usual. This can be done if the organization replicates the exact structure and facilities that it employs in its everyday practice to the backup plan. The key point is that services must not be curtailed in an emergency and even if it is not possible to provide full service, the culling of non-essential services must be planned and accounted for. The critical success factor during emergencies is how well the organization picks up the pieces and resumes its operations. So, care must be taken to minimize disruptions and restore normal business as soon as possible.
Finally, BCM is all about anticipating the kind of emergencies and preparing for them. Risk management specialists can be hired to identify potential risks and quantify the impact of these risks on the business. In this manner, the risk management matrix that lists the risks, as well as the action plan for mitigating each risk, is crucial to ensure the success of the BCM plan. So, adequate effort and time must be given to preparing the risk management plan. In conclusion, when disaster strikes, the organizations and the employees must not be caught like Deer blinded by the lights of an automobile and instead, they must be like the ants who prepare for a rainy day.